The life and success of Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi was an eminent freedom activist and an influential political leader who played a dominant role in India’s struggle for independence. Gandhi is known by different names, such as Mahatma (a great soul), Bapuji (endearment for father in Gujarati). India also records Gandhi as father of the Nation.
Early LIfe of Mahatma Gandhi
Gandhi was the youngest child of his father’s fourth wife. His father, Karamchand Gandhi, was the dewan (chief minister) of Porbandar, the capital of a small principality in western India.
He was, however, an able administrator who knew how to steer his way between the capricious. Adapting to the long-suffering subjects, and the headstrong British political officers. in power.
Gandhi’s mother, Putlibai, was completely absorbed in religion, did not care much for finery or jewelry. She divided her time between her home and the temple. She fasted frequently, and wore herself out in days and nights of nursing whenever there was sickness in the family.
He consequently took for granted ahimsa (non injury to all living beings), vegetarianism, fasting for self-purification, and mutual tolerance. The educational facilities at Porbandar were rudimentary; in the primary school that Mohandas attended. The children wrote the alphabet in the dust with their fingers. Luckily for him Mahatma Gandhi, his father became dewan of Rajkot, another princely state.
Education of Mahatma Gandhi
Though Mohandas occasionally won prizes and scholarships at the local schools, his record was on the whole mediocre. One of the terminal reports rated him as “good at English, fair in Arithmetic and weak in Geography. He conducted very good, bad handwriting. He would marry at the age of 13 and thus lost a year at school. A diffident child, he shone neither in the classroom nor on the playing field.
He loved to go out on long solitary walks when he was not nursing his by then ailing father. He also helped his mother with her household chores.
Gandhi concealed a burning passion for self-improvement that led him to take even the heroes of Hindu mythology.
He lead in the long struggle for independence from Britain. When Muslim and Hindu compatriots committed acts of violence, he fasted until the fighting ceased. In 1947, the time of India’s independence, the country was partitioned into Hindu India and Muslim Pakistan. Gandhi fought nonviolently against this.
The last two months of his life were spent trying to end the violence which ensued in India. This lead him to fast to the brink of death, which finally put an end to the riots.
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